Gluten is a protein found in wheat, and other grains such as barley, rye and spelt. Unless you are on a gluten free diet, there is a good chance that your child is eating gluten three or more times per day. One of the reasons that so many people have a big issue with gluten is because we have overdosed so much on it in the last few generations.
So why does this protein have such a negative impact on mood and behaviour?
Rates of food allergies have skyrocketed in recent years. There are a few different types of food allergy.
There are food allergies that can cause a reaction quickly after eating a food. Possible symptoms of an immediate reaction are hives or anaphylaxis. These types of reactions are called IgE reactions, and they can be life threatening. These are the allergies that are tested for with skin prick tests, by doctors or allergists.
Food allergies can also be delayed and symptoms may not be evident for many hours after the child has eaten the problem food. These are called IgG reactions.
Delayed food allergies can have a range of different symptoms, which are hard to link to eating a particular food, due to the time delay. They are also hard to identify, as the problem food is often a food that is eaten multiple times every day, so you are never really symptom free.
Symptoms of IgG reactions related to behaviour include:
- Highly strung, excitable or agitated
- Unable to concentrate
- Repetitive, loud talking, perhaps with stuttering
- Short tempered
- Problems with handwriting
The best way to test for a delayed reaction allergy (IgG reaction) is to do a blood test.
Some children will have a sensitivity to gluten, and not be able to break it down properly. This isn’t a food allergy, as the immune system isn’t involved.
When they can’t break the gluten down properly, the gluten forms a compound called gliadorphin in their brain. As the name suggests, this compound is closely related to morphine! And it will act like morphine in your child’s brain.
Clues that this is what is happening in your child are:
- Problems with speech and hearing
- Spaciness or brain fog
- Frequent fatigue
- Irritability and aggression
- Anxiety and depression
- Difficulty with sleep.
There are a few reasons why your child could have this sensitivity.
It could be that they don’t have enough of the enzyme that breaks down gluten.
Or it could be that they don’t have enough zinc to make the enzyme work well.
If your child does have this issue with gluten, it is likely that they might also have an issue with the protein in dairy (casein). You might want to remove that from the diet also.
The easiest way to see if gluten is a sensitivity for your child is to strictly remove it for at least a few weeks, and see if symptoms improve.
Leaky gut / leaky brain
Normally your gut wall has very small gaps between the cells, so big particles that shouldn’t get through, can’t get through. It is quite common for these gaps to get bigger than they should be, which means particles from food can get into the blood stream more easily. The gut won’t be acting as a sufficient barrier. This is called leaky gut.
Gluten has a role to place in the development of leaky gut. When someone eats gluten, it causes the body to release a substance called zonulin. Zonulin causes the cells in the gut to move apart slightly, making the gut leaky. Zonulin can even have an effect directly on the brain and cause ‘leaky brain’. This means that particles in our blood stream that should never be able to get near our brains can get in to it! This causes inflammation in the brain which affect mood, behaviour and is implicated in autism.
Reducing inflammation and healing the gut are important steps to improving your child’s mood and behaviour. As well as improved behaviour, you can also expect to see improvements in language and skin. One of the first steps in the journey to healing your gut is removing gluten, as it inflames the gut wall.