Milk kefir is one of the easier ferments to make, great for beginners!

Start with 1 tablespoon of milk kefir grains.  These are not grains like wheat or rice, they are a colony of bacteria and yeasts.  You can buy these on Gumtree, or get from a friend..

Put them in a sieve (preferably plastic), and drain off the milk they are stored in

Now put 250 ml milk in a big jar.  The milk should be full fat organic milk.  UHT milk or ultra-pasteurised milk won’t work.  You can use sheep or goat’s milk if you have it available.

Add the kefir grains, and give a stir.

Screw the lid back on.

Put in a cupboard or on a bench at about 20c. Leave for 24 hours.

At the end of 24 hours, sieve the mixture, or use a plastic fork to scoop out the grains.

Put the liquid in a jar, and refrigerate for 12 hours. It can then be drunk.

The grains can be added to another 250ml milk, and process repeated.

The grains will grow over time, and then you can give your excess to friends!

Once you have made your kefir, you can make delicious smoothies out of it, you can use it instead of yoghurt or buttermilk in recipes or you can strain it to make cheese!